World Asthma Day: 5 facts to know, common triggers and ways to prevent asthma

World Asthma Day: 5 facts to know, common triggers and ways to prevent asthma
Representational photo for World Asthma Day (David Ramos/Getty Images)

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA: World Asthma Day is organized by the Global Initiative to raise awareness about asthma worldwide. It is an annual event that takes place on the first Tuesday of May every year. Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects millions of people in the world. 

Although it doesn’t have a permanent cure, it is possible to manage asthma to reduce and prevent attacks. Here are five facts about asthma, as well as common triggers and ways to reduce asthmatic symptoms.


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5 Facts about Asthma

1. Asthma affects millions of people worldwide

Asthma is a disease that affects people of all ages, from children to the elderly. According to the World Health Organization, 235 million people suffer from asthma worldwide. The disease affects the lives of 383,000 people each year.  



2. Asthma is a chronic disease with no cure

Asthma causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, making it difficult to breathe. It cannot be cured permanently, but people with asthma can live normal and active lives with proper treatment. 


3. Symptoms of asthma

The symptoms include recurring periods of coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and wheezing. 

3. Deaths in lower-middle-income countries

Many people are dying in low and lower-middle-income countries because they face challenges to diagnose the disease and treatment to defend against the disease. 

5. WHO has taken a resolution

WHO has taken a resolution to improve the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of asthma to decrease the global burden of NCDs and improve the progress towards universal health coverage.


Common triggers of Asthma

There are many triggers of asthma, which include:

1. Allergens such as pollen, dust mites, and pet dander

2. Irritants such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, and strong odors

3. Respiratory infections such as colds and the flu

4. Exercise and physical activity

5. Emotional stress and anxiety


Five ways to prevent asthma attack

As there is no cure for asthma, it is important to take safety measures to prevent attacks and manage symptoms, which are as follows:-

1. Avoiding triggers such as allergens and irritants

2. Taking medication as prescribed by a healthcare professional

3. Getting regular check-ups and monitoring asthma symptoms

4. Leading a healthy lifestyle, including eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise

5. Take safety measures, while doing construction work or any cleaning work. Make sure to wear a mask and keep yourself away from dust or allergens.

World Asthma Day is an important event because it helps to raise awareness about asthma and its impact on people's lives. It is also an opportunity to promote better asthma management and to encourage people to seek help if they are experiencing symptoms of the disease.

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 World Asthma Day: 5 facts to know, common triggers and ways to prevent asthma