Investing $1.8 trillion globally in five areas to adapt to climate change can bring $7.1-trillion worth benefits
Investing $1.8 trillion globally in five areas to adapt to climate change can bring $7.1-trillion worth benefits

Experts from the Global Commission on Adaptation say it is not too late, and adaptation can produce significant economic returns

For more than 3.3 million adult US women, their first sexual experience is rape
For more than 3.3 million adult US women, their first sexual experience is rape

Women who were forced or coerced into having sex for the first time were more likely to have an unwanted first pregnancy or abortion, as well as other gynecological and general health problems

Opioid epidemic in the US fueling a steep rise in infections of the heart
Opioid epidemic in the US fueling a steep rise in infections of the heart

The disease is widespread and analysis says the new trend predominantly affects young, white, poor men, who also have higher rates of HIV, hepatitis C, and alcohol abuse.

Deadly global pathogen could kill 80 million due to countries' unpreparedness: WHO report
Deadly global pathogen could kill 80 million due to countries' unpreparedness: WHO report

Countries are grossly underprepared, warn researchers, adding that what is required is leadership and the willingness to act forcefully and effectively; Experts calls for proactive creation of systems needed to detect and control potential disease outbreaks

Over 45% of Australia’s coastal marine ecosystems have been damaged by extreme climate
Over 45% of Australia’s coastal marine ecosystems have been damaged by extreme climate

Stating that the average recovery time for major species groups is 10 to 15 years, the researchers warn that habitat recovery is unlikely if the number of severe climate events increases

Giant exoplanet found around red dwarf star challenges the 'core accretion model' of planet formation
Giant exoplanet found around red dwarf star challenges the 'core accretion model' of planet formation

The planet probably formed from an unstable disc around the young star, which broke up into clumps; This contrasts with how the majority of massive planets are believed to form, where a planet grows slowly as gas falls onto a solid core

Excessive athletic training can adversely affect part of the brain involved in decision making
Excessive athletic training can adversely affect part of the brain involved in decision making

Results suggest a "neural mechanism" that might explain not only why overtrained athletes fail to overcome pain or fatigue signals but also why they are at risk of doping, which may help with immediate performance but compromise long-term achievements, says the study

Men becoming fathers via assisted reproduction have a significantly higher risk of prostate cancer
Men becoming fathers via assisted reproduction have a significantly higher risk of prostate cancer

Men who used sperm injection had a 60% higher risk, and those who used in vitro fertilization had a 30% higher risk compared with men conceiving naturally

Artificial intelligence could be just as accurate in detecting diseases as health professionals, says study
Artificial intelligence could be just as accurate in detecting diseases as health professionals, says study

Since just a few studies were of sufficient quality to be included in the analysis, researchers say that the real power of AI in medicine and diagnostics is yet to be determined

Menopausal women with frequent or persistent hot flashes face increased risk of heart attack, stroke
Menopausal women with frequent or persistent hot flashes face increased risk of heart attack, stroke

Women with frequent hot flashes in early midlife or those experienced persistently over the course of the menopause transition have increased risk for clinical cardiovascular disease events later in life, Rebecca Thurston, lead author of a study, told MEA WorldWide (MEAWW)

Over 70% of hospital data breaches include confidential personal or financial information that could lead to identity theft
Over 70% of hospital data breaches include confidential personal or financial information that could lead to identity theft

Researchers analyzed 1,461 breaches of protected health information over the past 10 years to understand the types of information that were compromised in these cyber attacks

Replacing only 10% of seasonal vaccines with a universal flu vaccine could prevent 5.3 million cases and 6,300 deaths annually
Replacing only 10% of seasonal vaccines with a universal flu vaccine could prevent 5.3 million cases and 6,300 deaths annually

Influenza is responsible for considerable disease and deaths worldwide, including an estimated 291,000 to 646,000 deaths annually; Effectiveness of influenza vaccines in preventing infections has ranged from 19 to 60% over the last nine seasons

One pregnant woman or newborn dies every 11 seconds from preventable causes despite major progress made in healthcare
One pregnant woman or newborn dies every 11 seconds from preventable causes despite major progress made in healthcare

Since 2000, child deaths have reduced by nearly half and maternal deaths by over one-third, mostly due to improved access to affordable, quality health services

US adults with medical conditions like asthma or cancer more likely to smoke weed than those without
US adults with medical conditions like asthma or cancer more likely to smoke weed than those without

While a number of US states legalizing marijuana for medical and recreational purposes, new study throws light on how or why adults with medical conditions use it

Smoking during pregnancy can 'masculinize girls in the womb' and damage their future fertility: Study
Smoking during pregnancy can 'masculinize girls in the womb' and damage their future fertility: Study

Cigarettes are suspected to have endocrine-disrupting properties that may increase testosterone levels and adversely affect hormone and reproductive function in the baby girls, researchers claim

Three billion fewer birds in North America since 1970, suggesting a widespread ecological crisis
Three billion fewer birds in North America since 1970, suggesting a widespread ecological crisis

US and Canada have lost more than 1 in 4 birds in the past 50 years, and population loss is not restricted to rare and threatened species, but includes many widespread and common ones

Cesarean babies have high levels of hospital bugs in their guts, unlike vaginally-born babies who get their bacteria from mothers
Cesarean babies have high levels of hospital bugs in their guts, unlike vaginally-born babies who get their bacteria from mothers

The study is the largest to show that babies born by cesarean section have a very different gut bacteria than those born vaginally; The differences mostly even out by the time children are one-year-old

Over 100,000 cancer cases could be caused by chemical contaminants in US tap water, finds study
Over 100,000 cancer cases could be caused by chemical contaminants in US tap water, finds study

Researchers conducted a cumulative assessment of cancer risks due to 22 carcinogenic contaminants found in drinking water. The majority of the estimated cancer risk is due to contamination from arsenic, disinfection byproducts, and radioactive elements such as uranium and radium

Dust from giant asteroid crash caused ice age 466 million years ago and boosted biodiversity on Earth
Dust from giant asteroid crash caused ice age 466 million years ago and boosted biodiversity on Earth

Dust from the 150 km asteroid that was crushed between Jupiter and Mars filled the entire inner solar system leading to a unique ice age and, subsequently, to higher levels of biodiversity

Early anemia in pregnant women linked with significantly higher risk of intellectual disability in children
Early anemia in pregnant women linked with significantly higher risk of intellectual disability in children

The researchers also found that children born to mothers with anemia diagnosed within the first 30 weeks had a modest risk of developing autism, ADHD; Anemia discovered toward the end of pregnancy did not have the same associations

Toxic carbon particles from air pollution can travel to placentas putting lives of unborn babies at risk: Study
Toxic carbon particles from air pollution can travel to placentas putting lives of unborn babies at risk: Study

The new study provides direct evidence that soot from polluted air can travel through the lungs and reach the placenta

Regular aerobic workouts could slow down brain deterioration in Alzheimer's disease
Regular aerobic workouts could slow down brain deterioration in Alzheimer's disease

The results are from a clinical trial that aims to dig deeper into potential associations between exercise and dementia

Breast cancer screening among high-risk men proves to be effective in detecting the disease in its early stages
Breast cancer screening among high-risk men proves to be effective in detecting the disease in its early stages

There are no formal screening guidelines for men in high-risk groups such as those who have a personal history of the disease, breast-cancer-linked genetic mutations or family members who had breast cancer. Hence, men diagnosed with the disease tend to have worse outcomes than women.

People who use e-cigarettes, smokeless tobacco products exposed to high levels of cancer-causing chemical pulegone
People who use e-cigarettes, smokeless tobacco products exposed to high levels of cancer-causing chemical pulegone

A potential carcinogen, pulegone is banned as a food additive but is unregulated in tobacco products. Analysis shows the additive exceeded the "thresholds of concern" in such products.

Astronomers discover one of the most massive neutron stars ever measured, packing 2.17 times the mass of the sun
Astronomers discover one of the most massive neutron stars ever measured, packing 2.17 times the mass of the sun

The neutron star, called J0740+6620, was detected approximately 4,600 light-years from Earth and is only around 15 miles across

Taking paracetamol during pregnancy can put children at risk of hyperactivity and attention problems: Study
Taking paracetamol during pregnancy can put children at risk of hyperactivity and attention problems: Study

Paracetamol is widely used to relieve pain during pregnancy and is recommended as the treatment of choice

Violent video games are often blamed for school shootings when perpetrators are white and not black
Violent video games are often blamed for school shootings when perpetrators are white and not black

Studies confirm the notion that racial stereotyping leads people to accept school shootings by black perpetrators without seeking external explanations. When the shooter is white, people often blame video games as the person’s race does not fit their stereotype of a violent perpetrator.

Tardigrades lost on moon after spacecraft crash can survive for years in cryptobiotic state but not colonize: Experts
Tardigrades lost on moon after spacecraft crash can survive for years in cryptobiotic state but not colonize: Experts

These tiny creatures, probably the toughest animals on Earth, were onboard a private mission to the moon, which crash-landed in April

Hubble captures Saturn in all its ringed glory in surreal picture of planet
Hubble captures Saturn in all its ringed glory in surreal picture of planet

The image reveals an unprecedented clarity only seen previously in snapshots taken by NASA spacecraft visiting the distant planet, says NASA.

Oumuamua part 2: Astronomers have likely discovered a second interstellar object, called Borisov
Oumuamua part 2: Astronomers have likely discovered a second interstellar object, called Borisov

Called C/2019 Q4 (Borisov), the comet was first detected on August 30 by Gennady Borisov, an amateur astronomer at the MARGO observatory in Nauchnij, Crimea

Kidneys infected with Hepatitis C virus work just as well as uninfected kidneys after transplant indicating they are safe to use
Kidneys infected with Hepatitis C virus work just as well as uninfected kidneys after transplant indicating they are safe to use

Researchers found that there has been a substantial increase in the number of transplants using HCV-infected kidneys across the US. Since September 2018, most HCV-infected organs were transplanted into patients without the infection

Astronomers discover water on Earth-like planet sparking hopes of finding life on other planets
Astronomers discover water on Earth-like planet sparking hopes of finding life on other planets

The exoplanet K2-18b is about eight times more massive than the Earth and is located in the habitable zone of the star it orbits

First images of giant radio-emitting bubbles to throw more light on supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way
First images of giant radio-emitting bubbles to throw more light on supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way

These features, which were captured by the MeerKAT telescope, were formed from a violent eruption near the supermassive black hole several million years ago, say scientists

Suicide Prevention Week:  Suicide rates highest in rural America where guns and veterans are key factors
Suicide Prevention Week: Suicide rates highest in rural America where guns and veterans are key factors

The availability of gun shops was also associated with increased suicide rates, highlighting the potential importance of access to lethal means of suicide

Transgender people exposed to gender identity conversion are more likely to attempt suicide, says study
Transgender people exposed to gender identity conversion are more likely to attempt suicide, says study

A study has linked gender identity conversion efforts with adverse mental health outcomes. Those exposed to conversion efforts before the age of 10 are four times more likely to attempt suicide

New strain of bacteria responsible for rise in cases of scarlet fever, throat infections and sepsis, say scientists
New strain of bacteria responsible for rise in cases of scarlet fever, throat infections and sepsis, say scientists

The strain, called M1UK, has an enhanced ability to cause all types of Strep A infection and scientists recommend that its impact on public health is monitored

Artists who paint with their feet have 'toe maps' in their brains that can be used to develop advanced prosthetic limbs
Artists who paint with their feet have 'toe maps' in their brains that can be used to develop advanced prosthetic limbs

Researchers studied two foot artists, born without arms, to examine if a lifetime of highly-changed experiences can cause new body maps in the brain

How did the dinosaurs die out? New evidence from asteroid impact site confirms global climate change the cause
How did the dinosaurs die out? New evidence from asteroid impact site confirms global climate change the cause

The finding supports the hypothesis that the impact started wildfires, triggered tsunamis and blasted a lot of sulfur into the atmosphere that blocked the sun, causing global cooling and leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs

Malaria can be eradicated by 2050 if an extra $2 billion is spent annually, say global experts
Malaria can be eradicated by 2050 if an extra $2 billion is spent annually, say global experts

Currently, malaria spending is around $4.3 billion globally, but additional funds of $2 billion a year will make a big difference

Firefighters who arrived first at World Trade Center immediately after 9/11 attack have 44% higher risk of heart disease
Firefighters who arrived first at World Trade Center immediately after 9/11 attack have 44% higher risk of heart disease

A new study highlights the importance of long-term monitoring and screening of the health of survivors of disasters

Over 100,000 cancer patients getting diagnosed too late each year due to severe staff shortage
Over 100,000 cancer patients getting diagnosed too late each year due to severe staff shortage

If bowel cancer is diagnosed at the most initial stage over nine in 10 people will survive, but if it is diagnosed at the latest stage, just one in 10 people will survive their disease for at least five years

Plastic forks, knives, and spoons make it to the list of top ten items that dominate beach trash
Plastic forks, knives, and spoons make it to the list of top ten items that dominate beach trash

According to the 2018 International Coastal Cleanup, cigarette butts that contain plastic filters topped the list

Vaping affects fertility in young women while use of e-cigarettes during pregnancy puts child's health at risk: Study
Vaping affects fertility in young women while use of e-cigarettes during pregnancy puts child's health at risk: Study

According to researchers, using e-cigarettes during pregnancy impairs metabolic health in daughters; Recent studies have also stated that e-cigarettes disrupt lung function and raise risk of infection

Genetic factors that raise obesity risk in adults seem to start taking effect from ages 4 to 6
Genetic factors that raise obesity risk in adults seem to start taking effect from ages 4 to 6

An indicator of body fat, body mass index or BMI in infants, children, and adults is influenced by different genetic factors that change as we age, says study

Youths with a parent in prison, juvenile justice history three times likely to get depression, PTSD than peers
Youths with a parent in prison, juvenile justice history three times likely to get depression, PTSD than peers

Study suggests exposure to the criminal justice system during childhood places individuals at risk of poor mental health conditions in early adulthood.

Testosterone does not reduce capacity to read emotions, a trait impaired in people with autism: Study
Testosterone does not reduce capacity to read emotions, a trait impaired in people with autism: Study

The results of the new study challenge the notion of autism as reflecting an ‘extreme male brain’; in the largest study of its kind, researchers found no evidence that testosterone administration affected performance on tests of cognitive empathy.

Higher soft drink intake can put people at death risk, says study of over 400,000 men and women
Higher soft drink intake can put people at death risk, says study of over 400,000 men and women

Higher risk of death from circulatory diseases was associated with drinking two or more glasses per day of soft drinks; researchers also observed that a higher level of total soft drink consumption was associated with a greater risk of Parkinson’s disease deaths.

Cancer now the leading cause of death in rich countries, responsible for twice as many deaths as heart diseases
Cancer now the leading cause of death in rich countries, responsible for twice as many deaths as heart diseases

Globally, cardiovascular diseases continue to be the leading cause of death among middle-aged adults, accounting for 40% of all deaths. But this is not the case in high-income countries

What pregnant moms eat and where they live can cause high blood pressure in their children
What pregnant moms eat and where they live can cause high blood pressure in their children

Researchers analyzed over 200 environmental exposures during pregnancy and childhood, and found that some of them such as exposure to chemicals, low city walkability and duration of fish intake could have an impact on blood pressure in children

Hormone drugs in breast cancer treatment put some cancer cells to 'sleep', allowing them to wake up later and the cancer to return
Hormone drugs in breast cancer treatment put some cancer cells to 'sleep', allowing them to wake up later and the cancer to return

The 'sleeper cells' could provide clues as to why some breast cancer cells become resistant to treatment, causing a patient's drugs to stop working, and their cancer to return, says the team

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